Uşak is a city located in the center of Turkey. During the pre-industrial era, Uşak was already an important center of production and export, especially of carpets. Uşak carpets were also called Holbein rugs in reference to the sixteenth-century painter Hans Holbein the Younger, who embodied them in detail in his paintings, reflecting his popularity in the European market. Although carpet designs have changed since then, it is still an important industry that makes the name of the city relevant in the market of handmade carpets.